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Reactivity of Peroxy Radicals studied by Laser photolysis - Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy

时间 :2023年04月26日 浏览:

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​讲座题目:Reactivity of Peroxy Radicals studied by Laser photolysis - Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy讲座时间:2023年4月27日(星期四)上午 9:30—10:30讲座地点:图书馆六层报告厅主讲人:Prof. Christa Fittschen研究方向:化学动力学、光谱学、过氧自由基的研究讲座简介:Peroxy radicals, RO2, are key species in the atmosphere. They are formed from a reaction of OH radicals with hydrocarbons:RH + OH + O2...

讲座题目:Reactivity of Peroxy Radicals studied by Laser photolysis - Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy

讲座时间:2023年4月27日(星期四)上午 9:30—10:30

讲座地点:图书馆六层报告厅

主讲人:Prof. Christa Fittschen

研究方向:化学动力学、光谱学、过氧自由基的研究



讲座简介Peroxy radicals, RO2, are key species in the atmosphere. They are formed from a reaction of OH radicals with hydrocarbons:

RH + OH + O2→ RO2+ H2O

In polluted environments, RO2radicals react predominantly with NO, leading to formation of NO2, and eventually through photolysis of NO2to formation of O3.

At low NOx concentrations such as in the marine boundary layer or the background troposphere, the lifetime of RO2radicals increases and other reaction pathways such as self- and cross reaction with other RO2or with HO2radicals become competitive. To study these reactions, UV absorption spectroscopy has been employed in the past: this technique gives good sensitivity for peroxy radicals, but poor selectivity as these radicals have broad absorption features in the UV. We have established a technique allowing to follow peroxy radicals with a better selectivity compared to UV, but with still good sensitivity by coupling laser photolysis to cw-Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy in the near IR.

I will present the experimental technique and results on the recent measurement of the rate constant of the self-reaction of the acetylperoxy radical, CH3C(O)O2. Studying this reaction is much complicated due to unavoidable secondary chemistry: the self-reaction leads to formation of CH3O2radicals, which in turn react with CH3C(O)O2. This reaction has two different paths, one leading to stable products, the other to CH3O2and HO2radicals. The HO2radicals from this reaction in turn react with both, CH3C(O)O2and CH3O2radicals, leading also to either stable products or recycling the radicals. Therefore, the branching ratios of both secondary reactions will influence the decay of the acetylperoxy radical and need to be determined.


主讲人简介:

Prof. Christa Fittschen,法国里尔大学“燃烧过程和大气的物理化学”实验室PC2A的研究主任。从事与化学动力学、光谱学、过氧自由基的研究。1986年获得德国哥廷根大学硕士学位,1989年获得德国哥廷根大学博士学位,1989-1991年,任加利福尼亚斯坦福研究所博士后研究员,1991年3月-8月,在哥廷根物理化学研究所担任研究员。1991年9月-1992年9月,在里尔大学担任博士后研究员。1992年10月-1996年9月,在里尔大学担任CNRS初级科学家。1996年10月-2006年9月,担任CNRS高级科学家。2007年10月-2016年9月,担任CNRS二级研究主任,负责PC2A实验室大气化学研究小组。自2016年10月起,担任CNRS一级研究主任。



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